WHAT IS KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS?
Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is caused by the destruction of cartilage structures covering the knee joint. These cartilage structures deteriorate due to pain and swelling in the joint. In addition, the sound from the joint and deformity may occur over time. this deformity causes movement limitation.
WHAT ARE THE FINDINGS OF KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Knee pain, which is mild in the early stages, starts to increase in the future and become permanent. Night pain may not let slept. After activity, swelling is observed in the knees and then it can be seen even at rest. Bad feelings about knee become apparent day by day. Over time, the degree of bending in the knees decreases, and patients are unable to open their knees. Disfigurement of the legs is usually seen as leg bending described as "O". Patients who cannot bend sufficiently, who have difficulty in moving because of pain, complain that they cannot do their work alike in the past. For example, they struggle to squat and wear socks, and they do not want to go outside the house because their walking distance is restricted.
WHAT CAUSES KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Age progression to joint osteoarthritis may be caused by genetic predisposition, excess weight, excessive strain of joints, falls, accidents, rheumatic diseases, joint inflammations, diseases that impair blood supply to the bone, bone cysts and tumors and recurrent surgical interventions.
HOW IS KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS TREATED?
While knee osteoarthritis is in the initial phase, the joint damage can be delayed by non-surgical methods such as weight reduction, pain medication, physical therapy, needles (joint fluid, PRP injections). Bone surgeries that correct the leg shape and closed knee surgeries can prevent joint disruption. However, in advanced osteoarthritis , the cartilage is completely damaged and the patient's life comfort decreases significantly. In this case, the only solution to restore the quality of life is the process of covering the damaged joint surfaces named total knee replacement ( TKR) .